Paris’s Pompidou Centre to open gallery in Shanghai

The modern-day art gallery, which likewise prepares to open branches in South Korea and Belgium, has actually remained in talks for more than a years with China

The Pompidou Centre in Paris, which houses the worlds 2nd most significant collection of contemporary art, is close to signing an offer for a franchise gallery in Shanghai.

It will reveal around 20 exhibits over 5 years in a wing of the brand-new West Bund Art Museum, which is being integrated in the cultural district of Chinas business capital by British designer David Chipperfield.

The Paris gallery, which likewise has strategies to open branches in South Korea and Belgium, has actually remained in talks for more than a years with the Chinese authorities.

Last year it staged its very first program in China called Masterpieces from the Centre Pompidou 1906-77 including work by Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp and other huge names at the Shanghai Exhibition Centre.

The gallery stated it had actually signed a procedure with the publicly-owned West Bund Group for an eco-friendly five-year offer to phase exhibits in the brand-new museum from 2019.

The business has actually been turning part of the previously commercial Xuhui district of the city into a 11km (7 mile) cultural passage along the Huangpu River.

The Pompidou hailed the offer as the most crucial long-lasting cultural exchange job in between France and China and stated it would offer a crucial location to modern Chinese art in the brand-new gallery.

It stated its brand-new franchise would be called the Centre Pompidou Shanghai (West Bund).

The West Bund Museum is because of be finished at the end of 2018. It will be a significant increase to the locations tourist attractions which currently consist of the personal Long Museum West Bund, the Yuz Museum and the Shanghai Centre of Photography. When it initially opened in Paris in 1977, #peeee

The Pompidou Centre which likewise houses a library and movie theaters was an architectural feeling.

Its collection of more than 120,000 art works is considered the 2nd crucial on the planet after the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/19/pariss-pompidou-centre-to-open-gallery-in-shanghai

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What if women ruled the world?

An end to abuse, a law against mansplaining, and reparations for two millennia of injustice as a new sci-fi art show imagines a female-led future, we ask comedians, writers, politicians and CEOs for their vision

Somethings not working at the moment

Bridget Christie, comedian

Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump are threatening to nuke each other. The UK has had four terror attacks in four months. David Cameron called the EU referendum, lost, resigned, said: Dum de dum de dum, then retreated to his 25,000 sheepskin-insulated manshed at the bottom of his garden to eat artisanal cheese. The man who sold me my bicycle refused to put the basket on it because he thought it was a girls job.

We dont know what the world would look like if women ruled it, but somethings not working at the moment. While we cant say for certain that women would make a better fist of it, or behave any better, what we do know is that when women are in leadership positions, or involved in decision-making, societies work better. There is less violence and instability and more peace.

If women were in charge, I doubt that eight men would have the same wealth as the poorest 50% of the worlds population. Eight! Ive had more people on my trampoline at once. When a group of men whose combined wealth equals that of 3.6 billion people can comfortably frolic together on one trampoline, its time for a leadership change.

Women would never be the victim

Marina Abramovi, artist

If women ruled the world, they would stop being fragile, they would stop being dependent, they would never be the victim, they would never be abused. I want women to be warriors. When women are free and happy, they will know how to rule the world.

Reproductive sexual difference remains the villain of the piece

Rachel Holmes, biographer of Sylvia Pankhurst

Supremacy based on gender has never been an attractive idea and patriarchal dystopias are no longer in an imagined future, or long buried past, but part of our present. Patriarchy makes us equal in one way, though: men are as arrested in their development as women. Given the challenges of being in charge, youd think they would be more than happy to hand over the headache and see what difference having women in charge makes.

Tory women prime ministers make no difference, because a system that is fundamentally based on the principle of unequal power relationships cannot, by definition, make us equal. Promoting the F-word without challenging the C-word has never worked: it is not possible to achieve the aims of feminism within the capitalist system. Our feminist foremothers warned us of this. Where weve got to so far is largely based on a limited agenda of establishing so-called womens rights within stunted liberal democracies.

People take hope and even experience some freedom in successfully challenging the pantomime binaries of masculinity and femininity. But reproductive sexual difference remains the villain of the piece. If women are to rule the world and make a difference, we either need to overhaul the social and economic system of reproductive exploitation (on which the system was built), or take control of the re-engineering of human design that is already under way.

We should design a reparations scheme that reorganises parental and family responsibilities in such a way that men have the opportunity to pay women back for the last two millennia the incentive being the universally agreed cultural value that raising families brings joy. The first job of the woman in charge is to liberate the men.

Men kill more people than women

Shazia Mirza, comedian

Thered be less violence, wed get things done quicker and we would solve a lot of problems by chatting instead of bombing. We would think rationally. People think: Oh, women cant make decisions when its the time of the month and all that, but I think were very decisive. We dont waste any time and we would do things a lot cleaner and a lot quicker. There would be fewer people dying if women were in charge. Its a fact: men kill more people than women.

Historically, women in power out-men the men

Louise Doughty, novelist

Im not a fan of biological determinism, even when its working in womens favour so Im not sure I subscribe to the idea that women are innately caring and collegiate and men thrusting and ambitious. Ive lost track of the number of times Ive watched mothers coo over their daughters cuddling baby dolls, praise them for it, then declare that caring skills are instinctive for girls.

Historically, what weve seen is that when women achieve power in a mans world, they often out-men the men. Margaret Thatcher was famous for rarely promoting other women. She got off on being the only woman in the room and didnt want any competition. Nothing is more depressing than a successful woman who wants to score points for being the only one among the boys reinforcing, rather than challenging, their views of other women.

So if you really wanted to see whether there is a difference in the way women would rule the world, you would have to have either all-female rulers or a critical mass. But, ultimately, Im resistant to the idea of lumping us all together on the basis of gender: what about race, class, sexual orientation? Even men I like are fond of saying women this or women that as if we are all one amorphous mass. Im instinctively resistant to binaries. Hooray for ambiguity, nuance and complexity.

Women are taking their rightful place as equals

Caroline Lucas MP, co-leader of Green party

Having women in power makes a real difference. As the number of woman MPs has increased in the Commons, weve seen major steps forward in tackling gender discrimination. Women leaders in business make a difference too: helping firms embrace modern ideas like flexible working and job sharing.

Green politics has a history of woman leaders, from the inspirational Petra Kelly in Germany, to Vandata Shiva. Im proud to be part of a movement thats had women at the top table. Of course, having female leaders isnt an end in itself. Its part of a broad movement that sees women taking their rightful place as equals at every level in society.

Unseen female executives mobilise other women

Sarah Sands, editor of Today programme Radio 4

It is often the unseen women, the executives, who have an opportunity to mobilise and encourage other women. Four inspirations from my own career: Clare Hollingworth, the woman who got the scoop of the century about the outbreak of the second world war. I met her when I was deputy editor of the Daily Telegraph, and she assumed I was the editors secretary, which amused me. She was a woman of her time, a pioneer rather than a reformer. Marie Colvin, the Sunday Times reporter, was sisterly as well as brave. Genevieve Cooper was deputy editor of the Evening Standard when I joined. I was a 24-year-old single mother and my male boss asked me how I could guarantee that a baby would not interfere with my work. I was so fearful that, when my small son was in hospital, I commuted between his ward and work, inventing excuses to leave the office rather than admit that I had a seriously ill child. Genevieve rescued me. At the Guardian, the late Georgina Henry showed that you could have vision and authority without losing your humanity. She was a top-notch female boss.

Oppression will not cease to exist simply because a woman is in charge

June Eric-Udorie, editor of intersectional feminism anthology to be published by Virago UK and Penguin US in 2018

If you run in feminist circles, youre bound to have heard someone declare: Wouldnt the world just be better if more women were in charge? What runs through my mind when I hear this is: Which women? Are we talking about black women, disabled women, trans women? Are we thinking about the women who lie on the margins and the intersections of the feminist movement, or do we just expect them to continue to have little to no power?

The inevitable reality is that the women most likely to have power in a female-run world will be white, middle class, cis, able-bodied and heterosexual. Power structures and other forms of oppression will not cease to exist simply because a woman is in charge. History will remind us of the ways in which white women have exploited and benefited from the oppression of their non-white female counterparts. Taking a closer look at so called feminist victories such as the birth of the contraceptive pill or the suffrage movement will reveal pandemic racism, classism, and other forms of subjugation and oppression.

We need to do away with romanticising matriarchal power and dominance and instead question the ways we can change the problematic and dangerous power structures that operate within society today.

In the peace movement, women are not interested in power over others

Kate Hudson, general secretary of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

The peace movement is the place to find powerful women. But theyre not interested in power over others. Instead, they are empowering, inspiring by example, breaking down barriers to thinking, and taking action. Theyre uncompromising, but in a good way. My role models are Pat Arrowsmith, organiser of the first Aldermaston March, who was imprisoned many times for anti-nuclear actions; and Helen John, one of the Greenham Women and an activist at Menwith Hill in Yorkshire. The earth shakes when such women move into action!

from
We dont waste time from left, Shazia Mirza, Jayne-Anne Gadhia, Marjane Satrapi, Harriet Harman, Jane Goodall and Sarah Sands.

I dont think anything would change

Marjane Satrapi, author of Persepolis

I dont think anything would change if women had the power. For me, this comes from the idea that men and women are very alike and very equal. I dont think the notion of empathy or being nice depends ongender at all, because if you consider women to be so much nicer, in a way thats to say theyre like nice little animals that cant get angry, and that anger is something for men.

I dont think women write differently from men, or make movies differently. When it comes to physical effort, there is a difference. But when it comes to intellect, people with the same experiences and same sensitivities end up being the same kind of people, regardless of gender.

I am impressed by young womens energy and competence

Penelope Lively, Booker-winning novelist

At 84, I want to celebrate a new generation of women. I have three granddaughters in their 20s, so I meet up with and hear about plenty of young women in that age group. I am constantly impressed by, and rejoice in, their energy and competence. They work their socks off, and assume working life will reward them, but they are flexible and adaptable.

Their assumptions about the role of women, about what women can expect, are very different from those of my generation, from back in the 1950s. We would have been startled to look ahead and see Theresa May and Angela Merkel. The outlook and the performance of todays twentysomething women is heartwarming.

I can think of some vicious, cruel women who have been in power

Dr Jane Goodall, primatologist

I thought about this and the answer is I dont know. It depends which female qualities were talking about, because sometimes one finds that the women who become successful are the ones who develop male-type characteristics. If you could pick women with more compassionate characteristics, then there are men with those characteristics too.

I know its tempting to say that it would be better if more women were doing this and more women were doing that. But I believe power corrupts absolutely. We can think of some extraordinarily vicious, brutal and cruel women who have been in great powerful positions. To me, it just wouldnt make much difference.

All my life experience tells me women make a difference

Frances OGrady, general secretary, Trades Union Congress

Unlike the popular old song, I cant promise that, if women ruled the world, every day would be like the first day of spring. From Margaret Thatcher to Marine Le Pen, womens leadership is no guarantee of kindness or compassion. More women in the boardroom has to be right but, with zero-hours contracts on the up and more real wage cuts in the pipeline, theres scant evidence of benefits trickling down to the shop floor.

And yet. All my life experience tells me that women do make a difference. In the trade union movement, women leaders have exposed the scandal of sexual harassment, campaigned for equal pay, and made caring responsibilities a workplace bargaining issue. As a result, the lives of millions of women and men have changed for the better.

And I like working with other women. Being the only woman in a meeting room full of men, however lovely they are, can feel lonely. Whereas watching other women leaders in action inspires, encourages and strengthens me. As a wise woman once told me, the problem is that women tend to underestimate their abilities whereas too many men overestimate theirs. A false sense of superiority based on gender, race or class is no way to run a cornershop, let alone the country.

There will be no sexual assault, no catcalling, no mansplaining

Sofie Hagen, comedian

First of all, free tampons, legal abortion everywhere, and actual jail sentences given to 100% of rapists instead of the 5% we see today. And hopefully, with the right head-bitch in charge, there would be some kind of limit to how much a man was allowed to interrupt and mansplain.

I imagine we would call it the Law of Sschhh: if a woman says sschhh to a man, he is bound by law to go home and sit down and shut up. Soon, there will be no sexual assault, no catcalling, no mansplaining, no #notallmen.

We would of course have a list of Dudes Who Are All Right, who would get to suggest laws every once in awhile. Justin Trudeau, Jeremy Corbyn, Lin-Manuel Miranda, Sadiq Khan, Channing Tatum. But theyd have to work topless. Its just the law.

Women tend to make more holistic decisions

Maria Balshaw, director of Tate

Women ask questions from a different perspective, which may be because weve been mothers, daughters or sisters. Ive never been a separatist. Im an inclusive feminist, but there is really interesting research that shows women tend to make more holistic decisions and I think thats because the burden of feeding and raising children and looking after the domestic environment falls mostly to them.

Women running the world is neither a utopian nor a dystopian scenario. It really depends on the political thinking that is brought to bear. As women age, our power changes very differently to the way male power changes. As the female leader of a national art museum, I am still highly unusual globally.

It would change the presumption theres someone at home to sort out all the problems

Athene Donald, physicist

Women ruling the world might change the structure of work because, currently, certainly in the developed world, it is the presumption that there is someone back at home to sort out all the problems so its OK to have MPs debating at midnight, and people being sent on to far-flung parts of the world. Our way of working might change if people realised there isnt necessarily someone at home to pick up the pieces.

Its about making men and women equally able to succeed

Jayne-Anne Gadhia, CEO of Virgin Money

I dont think I would like a world ruled by women, if Im honest, any more than I would like a world ruled by men. For me, it is about equality. I would much prefer a world that is properly balanced, in terms of the contributions men and women make to society. Its not about making women the leaders its about making men and women equally able to succeed as leaders. Only 40% of senior roles in financial services are held by women. We definitely need to get closer to 50% to get financial services to a place where theyre going to thrive in a balanced way.

Women ensure sustainability for future generations

Dr Alaa Murabit, UN High-Level Commissioner

I believe that women make more pragmatic decisions and are forward-thinking. They ensure sustainability for future generations. Women at the table will invest heavily in better education, affordable healthcare and access to clean water. Womens empowerment will produce collateral benefits: LGBTQ rights, indigenous peoples rights, childrens rights, religious freedom. Family-friendly policies will be formulated to enable both parents to enjoy the privileges of parenting. Unfair stereotypes and standards imposed upon men to ensure they fit into an iron scaffold of masculinity will be lifted.

I hope to see a world with greater peace and diplomacy, collaboration and cooperation. Women are less likely engage in wars or violence as the protection of families and communities is central to their decision-making. They propel their countries and the world towards socioeconomic success. And they work to promote social justice and inclusion, climate change management and reduced hunger, poverty and inequality.

There are still so many meetings where women are not even in the room

Harriet Harman MP

Its not about leaders and role models. Its about sisterhood and working together. If we only had women MPs, right now Labour would be in government with a huge majority because weve got 119 and the Tories have only got 67. Thats a good reason to have only women MPs.

But what you really want is a balanced team of women and men. There are still so many meetings where women are not even in the room. Although Donald Trump feels like a threat to turn the clock back, I think there is an irresistible force for further change all around the world.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/jul/05/what-if-women-ruled-the-world

‘Are you FBI?’ how I captured the everyday life of gangland LA

Imperial Courts is a LA housing project most Americans have only seen from a helicopter camera. But, over the course of two decades, photographer Dana Lixenberg chronicled its characters and everyday life

When Dutch photographer Dana Lixenberg first started her series Imperial Courts in 1993, on the Watts housing estate of the same name, the area was on edge after the Rodney King riots the previous year and the retrial of the officers in the King case was in full swing. The media focused on the Bloods and Crips [gangs], and would come in a van, shoot an item, and leave, she says. I felt photography was a way to step into the real scenario. I worked with a large-format camera on a tripod, slowing down the process, and focused on details and body language.

This was a radical and necessary approach for an area that, on film, was seen by the rest of America through a frantic helicopter camera. I dont want to use a person to illustrate a story, she continues. I want each image to be its own self-contained story, and then together, as a body, they present the community in a certain way. Its not the wild west with people shooting each other, but people do live with a lot of loss and death.

J
J 50, 2008 Photograph: Dana Lixenberg

To get access, she was introduced to Tony Bogard, a Crips leader who had recently brokered a peace deal between the warring gangs. Initially reluctant, he liked a test shot, and introduced Dana to a local man, Andre, to use as her assistant: He figured at least Andre would get some money out of this.

Chin
Chin with his daughter Dee Dee, 1993 Photograph: Dana Lixenberg

Her earnestly beautiful portraits were exhibited in the Netherlands and published in Vibe, cementing her international career; the magazine commissioned further portraits of 2Pac, Notorious BIG and others. Then from 2008 to 2015, she returned to Imperial Courts every year to add to the series which has now been nominated for this years Deutsche Brse photography prize and found a place still struggling to break a cycle of poverty and crime.

Felia,
Felia, Diamond and Sheena, 2015 Photograph: Dana Lixenberg

Kids talk so casually about prison not because theyre posturing and being cool, its just part of their lives, she says. The majority of the guys I met in the photographs go in and out of jail. The conditions in Imperial Courts have stayed very much the same; schools are still crap. If you dont have any guidance or foundation in terms of education, to go on job interviews, learn a trade, its understandable that youd want to make a shortcut.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/may/17/dana-lixenberg-imperial-courts-la-project-deutsche-borse

Taking photographs of Holocaust survivors helped me find my own identity

Taking photographs of Holocaust survivors helped me find my own identity

Harry Bordens father didn’t much care about being Jewish, so it was left to Harry’s grandmother to make him feel his heritage was special. And when his marriage ended, it proved invaluable

My dad, Charlie Borden, was born in New York in 1929, the only son of Jewish immigrants who had moved to the US as children. Hisfather was from Ukraine and his mother from Romania. Having escaped the pogroms of eastern Europe, they met and married, built their own house in Upstate New York and had my dad.

Dad has always been an atheist. He has no truck with any religion. If he was evangelical about anything, it was being an American. In that more innocent era, the US was a welcoming place, allowing everybody a chance to get on. During the second world war, he lied about his age and joined the US Marines, just missing active service. After that, he went into advertising. I learned so much about him from watching Mad Men.

He has never really spoken about being Jewish, but he is a typical Norman Mailer-type wise-cracking Jewish guy. He has the humour, the putdowns. As aboy, he boxed, like his dad and his uncle, who was a promotor with three world champions in his stable of boxers. Boxing was very much part of Jewish life in New York then and Dads humour was like a verbal fight to be the funniest guy in the room. He is macho, competitive, pugnacious and troubled maybe the product of generations hardened by random violence. His mentality is fighting hiscorner.

By the time he came to England to work as the art director of a fledgling agency, he had a wife and baby son me. My mum was half-Irish, half-English, quite posh, the daughter and granddaughter of admirals. We settled in Fulham, south-west London, and my brother and sister were born. I think Dad felt pressure in an industry that is constantly looking for newer, shinier people. He wanted to be his own boss, so he sold the house and bought a pig farm in Devon 30 acres and a mass of concrete buildings on a cold, north-facing hill.


Harry
Harry Borden as a child.

Growing up in Devon, I knew that part of Dads identity was other. Ilooked up to him he seemed quite handsome, completely different and much cooler than the other dads. He was not communicative especially with his kids. I remember travelling with him to deliver pigs that was my day out, a rusty old van and squealing pigs. I would try making conversation but he wasnt interested. He always seemed to be somewhere else.

The only reference he would make to his Jewishness in a refrain I heard often was that the Nazis would have killed people like us. I used to find it shocking. I was acutely aware that we came from over the hills. There were a couple of instances where it came up. I remember Dad taking me and my friend to the Devon county show, and my friend saying the Mini Metro was areal Jew car meaning it used hardly any petrol. There was an awful, embarrassing pause and Dad later tookme aside and told me that what hehad said was offensive though Iinstinctively knew. Another time, on aschool trip to Germany, some of the people I was with began making jokes about dirty Jews. I remember feeling a bit ashamed that I didnt say anything.


Ella
Ella Prince, a Holocaust survivor: A long road from the gutters of life in my early youth to the beauty and freedom of Australia, at my sunset Photograph: Harry Borden

For Dad, Jewishness was only a burden. Then his mother, Lillian, who had been widowed, moved from the US to live with us. Her attitude to being Jewish was completely different. She would talk about it and point out people who were Jewish, including, she claimed, Charlie Chaplin. She made it seem a bit special like a really great club to be in.

When you are a teenager, you secretly want to find out you are a prince, or were adopted. In Devon, my Jewish heritage fed into that narrative. As I got into photography, I began to realise that all the astonishing photographers Iadored were Jewish: Diane Arbus, Irving Penn, Richard Avedon to me, the holy trinity! Then I discovered Woody Allen, Mel Brooks, and, later, Seinfeld. Why wouldnt you want to accentuate that part of you?

I was 40 when I began photographing Holocaust survivors. I wanted to use photography to an intelligent end, with something that would stand the test oftime. Dads ambivalence towards Jewishness was another motivation. He gets no spiritual sustenance from being Jewish, nothing from the traditions, no community or social network andyet it is still clearly a part of hisidentity.

I took photographs first in the UK and then Australia, and next I had planned a trip to Israel. Just days before I was due to go, my wife ended our 14-year marriage. It was shocking, like a trapdoor opening, and I tried to cancel the trip. Then I thought, Actually, this might be the best thing for me.


Leon
Leon Rosenzweig: The best time of my life is when I am with my family. Photograph: Harry Borden

It was. I arrived in an emotionally raw state, smoking constantly, and Ilost 15kg (2st 5lb). I remember driving around Jerusalem, in tears, completely lost. But it was amazing. Talking tosurvivors gives you a sense of perspective about your own life, your own concerns. You realise that what you are dealing with is of very little consequence. People were so kind. Iwent to my first Shabbat which for me was about friends and family coming together. It was a very healing trip and, by the end, I was in a much better place. When I needed it most, Igot a sustenance that my dad had never found.

Lots of photographers have taken pictures of Holocaust survivors, but I photographed 200 over three years. I just kept going. It was an exploration ofmy identity. There was this personalinvestment.

Though I have suggested to Dad a few trips to Israel, or to his fathers homeland in Ukraine he is not interested. He will say something like, Why? They still hate Jews! And that will be it. When the book was finished, I took it over to show him. He is not that interested really. He thought the publishers had done a nice job. Thats as good as youre going to get.

As told to Anna Moore

Survivor: A Portrait of the Survivors ofthe Holocaust by Harry Borden is published by Cassell Octopus, 30. Toorder a copy for 25,go tobookshop.theguardian.comorcall the Guardian Bookshop on0330 333 6846. Free UK p&p over 10, online orders only. Phone orders min. p&p of 1.99.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/mar/18/taking-photographs-holocaust-survivors-find-my-identity-jewish